“All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered, the point is to discover them.” ~Galileo Galilei
In this unit we will be learning all about Galileo, space, galaxies, stars, the sun and the planets and tying in the solar system to our theme of STAR WARS. Of course the force in strong in my class. Don’t underestimate the power of science haha! I stinkin love Star Wars and actually went to a sight where they filmed The Force Awakens. Okay I know I’m geeking out. Now onto the scientist we will be learning about.
Considered the father of modern science, Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) made major contributions to the fields of physics, astronomy, cosmology, mathematics and philosophy. He invented an improved telescope that let him observe and describe the moons of Jupiter, the rings of Saturn, the phases of Venus, sunspots and the rugged lunar surface. His flair for self-promotion earned him powerful friends among Italy’s ruling elite and enemies among the Catholic Church’s leaders. His advocacy of a heliocentric universe brought him before religious authorities in 1616 and again in 1633, when he was forced to recant and placed under house arrest for the rest of his life. ~ History.com
He improved the telescope, discovered the laws of the pendulum and is famous for discovering that the sun was the center of the universe, not Earth, as they believed at the time.
“Be less curious about people and more curious about ideas.”~Marie Curie
Scientist Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the only person to win the award in two different fields — physics and chemistry. Curie’s efforts, with her husband Pierre Curie, led to the discovery of polonium and radium and, after Pierre’s death, the further development of X-rays. She is the known as the grandfather of radioactivity and it is because of this discovery that people today are able to cure cancer and other illnesses. She also pushed the boundaries for female scientific and academic achievements.
In class we will be learning about cause and effect. We will be making chemical reactions, learning how to make slime, different potions, snow, blowing up balloons with carbon dioxide and making elephant toothpaste. All of these fun activities will be mixed with a Harry Potter theme and spells. ~Expecto Patronum!
“To myself I am only a child playing on the beach, while vast oceans of truth lie undiscovered before me.”
In this unit we will be highlighting Isaac Newton and working with gravity, physics, engineering and mathematics. He taught the law on gravitation, the theory of gravity and invented calculus to explain it. He also came up with the theory on ocean tides which explained high and low tides because of the moon’s gravitational pull and he’s known for the reflecting telescope.
Example of Newton’s laws of motion: 1st law: The law of inertia. E.g. -A soccer ball will not move until a player kicks it. 2nd law: F=MA (Force = Mass X Acceleration). E.g. – You have to push a heavy ball harder to get it to move as fast as a small one. 3rd law: For every action, there is an equal and opposite re-action E.g.- A fireman turns on his hose and is knocked backwards.
In class we will be making angry birds marshmallow catapults. We will talk about the angles in math and how you have to aim to knock over the pigs. Also, how if you pull back further, the birds will go farther.
“The important thing is to never stop questioning.”
During our first unit, we will be highlighting Albert Einstein and working in the fields of physics, energy, and technology. Albert Einstein is the father of modern physics. He came up with the world’s most famous equation E=mc2 (Energy = mass X the speed of light squared) which gave birth to the atomic bomb. He provided evidence that molecules and atoms exist through Brownian motion.
He basically re-wrote the law of gravity, which had been unchallenged since Isaac Newton. His theory of relativity has changed the way we think about space and time. He showed that matter causes space to curve, which produces gravity.
Example of the theory of relativity used today: GPS
In class we will be learning about how to use coordinates and GPS. We will also used Google Earth in class and pin-point our exact location.